core + health-lifesci (Health and Lifesciences Extension): terms relating to healthcare, medicine and the life sciences.


Defined in the extension.
Canonical URL:

Thing > MedicalEntity > MedicalCause

The causative agent(s) that are responsible for the pathophysiologic process that eventually results in a medical condition, symptom or sign. In this schema, unless otherwise specified this is meant to be the proximate cause of the medical condition, symptom or sign. The proximate cause is defined as the causative agent that most directly results in the medical condition, symptom or sign. For example, the HIV virus could be considered a cause of AIDS. Or in a diagnostic context, if a patient fell and sustained a hip fracture and two days later sustained a pulmonary embolism which eventuated in a cardiac arrest, the cause of the cardiac arrest (the proximate cause) would be the pulmonary embolism and not the fall. Medical causes can include cardiovascular, chemical, dermatologic, endocrine, environmental, gastroenterologic, genetic, hematologic, gynecologic, iatrogenic, infectious, musculoskeletal, neurologic, nutritional, obstetric, oncologic, otolaryngologic, pharmacologic, psychiatric, pulmonary, renal, rheumatologic, toxic, traumatic, or urologic causes; medical conditions can be causes as well.

Usage: Between 100 and 1000 domains
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from MedicalCause
causeOf MedicalEntity The condition, complication, symptom, sign, etc. caused.
Properties from MedicalEntity
code MedicalCode A medical code for the entity, taken from a controlled vocabulary or ontology such as ICD-9, DiseasesDB, MeSH, SNOMED-CT, RxNorm, etc.
guideline MedicalGuideline A medical guideline related to this entity.
legalStatus DrugLegalStatus  or
MedicalEnumeration  or
The drug or supplement's legal status, including any controlled substance schedules that apply.
medicineSystem MedicineSystem The system of medicine that includes this MedicalEntity, for example 'evidence-based', 'homeopathic', 'chiropractic', etc.
recognizingAuthority Organization If applicable, the organization that officially recognizes this entity as part of its endorsed system of medicine.
relevantSpecialty MedicalSpecialty If applicable, a medical specialty in which this entity is relevant.
study MedicalStudy A medical study or trial related to this entity.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A description of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
image ImageObject  or
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork  or
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.

Instances of MedicalCause may appear as values for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
cause MedicalCondition  or
Specifying a cause of something in general. e.g in medicine , one of the causative agent(s) that are most directly responsible for the pathophysiologic process that eventually results in the occurrence.

Schema Version 3.0